Discovering Mumbai : Mumbai Suburban Railways.

Mumbai SUburban Railway map.Mumbai Railway Map (Image source)

The Mumbai Suburban Railways commonly known as Local trains(commuter trains) serve the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. These trains run from 4:00 am to 1:00 am and some trains are active till 2:30 am. About 7.5 million passengers uses this service and the railway tracks are spread over a distance 390 km.

The Mumbai Suburban Railways are operated by two zones, namely central Railways (CR) and western Railway (WR). The Central Railways control the central Line, Harbour Line, Trans-Harbour Line, Vasai-Panvel Line and Neral-Matheran & Panvel-Karjat Line while Western Railways control the Western Line.

In the Central Line, trains run from Kasara and khopoli to CSMT via Kalyan. Kasara is on the Nashik route while Karjat is on the Pune route, the two routes meet at the Kalyan Junction. In Western line, trains run from Dahanu Road to Churchgate. The Harbour line connects Goregaon to CSTM and Panvel, via Wadala route. The harbour line divides at Wadala, One goes to Goregaon and other goes to Panvel.Thane-Vashi route connects Thane to Navi Mumbai.

Services :

AC Local Train AC Local Train

The Mumbai Suburban Railways provide services like Slow trains, fast trains, semi-fast trains and AC trains.

Slow train : Stops at every station. 

Fast train : Stops at Fast Station. 

Semi-Fast : Runs as a Slow train up to some stops, after that it runs as a fast train.

AC trains : Mostly runs as Fast trains with Air Conditioners.

The Travel Class :

Class 1 (First Class) : This class has 8 times higher price than the Class 2. The seat in this class is made of leather. 

Class 2 (Second Class) : The seat in this class is made of Plastic.

Class 1 L (Ladies First Class) : Only for Ladies. This class has 8 times higher price than the Class 2. The seat in this class is made of leather. 

Class 2 L (Ladies Second Class) : Only for Ladies. The seat in this class is made of Plastic.

Divyangjan : (Handicapped, Pregnant Ladies and Cancer patients compartment): for people with disabilities or cancer.

Senior Citizens : reserved for passengers above the age of 60. These coaches are open to both Male and Females.

Ticketing :

Ticketing in Mumbai Suburban Railways.

The Mumbai Suburban Railway uses a proof-of-payment fare collection system. Tickets are sold on every station. Tickets can be bought for a single journey (one way) or a return journey. A return ticket is valid till the next day on weekdays but if you buy tickets on Friday then it will be valid on Monday. One months tickets can be purchased,  these tickets are called passes. Tourist tickets are valid for one, three, or five days that can be purchased up to three days in advance. The counters for tickets and passes are different. You can buy tickets from the Mobile apps, online, CVMs and ATVMs and tickets counters.

Networks

Central Line of Mumbai Suburban Railways.

Central Line

Csmt Railway station

CSMT Railway Station

In the Central Line, trains run from Khopoli and Kasara to CSTM via kalyan.  The route is divided at Kalyan Junction, one runs towards Kasara and other runs towards khopoli. Kasara is on the Nashik route while Karjat is on the Pune route, the two routes meet at the Kalyan Junction. On Central Railway trains run from CSTM to Kalyan Junction (55 km), from where it bifurcates into two lines – one running up to Kasara (67 km from Kalyan) in the north-east and the other running up to Khopoli (61 km from Kalyan) in the south-east. There is also an 18-km corridor between Kurla and Thane stations for use of outstation and cargo trains. 

Four types of trains runs in the central line namely Slow local, Semi-Fast, Fast Locals and AC trains. On 17th December 2020, Central Railway started AC trains from Kalyan Junction to CSTM. Local trains running before Kalyan Junction are all slow Locals. Slow local stops at every station. Fast Locals runs from Kalyan to CSTM. Fast locals stop at Byculla, Dadar, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Diva, Dombivli and Kalyan Junction.

The length of local trains are 12 or 15 couches. The total number of stations in the Central line is 62. The passengers  using the Central line are 2.9 million. The Central Line has two interchange stations with the Western Line at Parel and Dadar and the Harbour line at Sandhurst Road and Kurla. The two routes never meet, you have to stop at Dadar and go to western routes station to take Western line trains.

In central line Local trains start from station Khopoli, Karjat, Badlapur, Ambernath, Kasara, Asangaon, Titwala, kalyan, Dombivali, Thane, Mulund, Ghatkopar, Kurla, Dadar, Parel and CSTM. Central line is operated by the Central Railways Zone, with headquarters at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. Roughly You can say there is one local train in 5 Minutes after Kalyan Junction.

The central line was opened on 16 April 1853. On this line, the first train run in India. The three termini of the central line are Kasara, Khopoli and CSTM.

Station Station Code Status Significance
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus CSTM
/ST
Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
From Here
You Can take Harbour Line trains.
(On Platform 1 & 2)
Masjid MSD Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Sandhurt Road SNRD Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Byculla BY Fast Station  
Chinchpokli CHP Slow Station  
Currey Road CRD Slow Station  
Parel PR Slow Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Dadar D/DR Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
(Cross the Bridge &
Go to the
Matunga MTN Slow Station  
Sion SIN Slow Station  
Kurla C/CLA Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
From Here
You Can take Harbour Line trains.
(On Platform 6 & 7)
Vidyavihar VVH Slow station  
Ghatkopar GC Slow Station From Here
You Can take Metro trains.
Vikhroli VK Slow Station  
Kanjurmarg KJRD Slow Station  
Bhandup BND Slow Station  
Nahur NHU Slow Station  
Mulund MLND Slow Station  
Thane T/TNA Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
From Here
You Can take Trans-Harbour Line trains.
(On Platform 9 & 10)
Kalwa KLVA Slow Station  
Mumbra MBQ Slow Station  
Diva DIVA Slow Station
(Some Fast trains Stops)
From Here
You Can take Panvel-Diva-Vasai line trains.
Kopar KOPR Slow Station  
Dombivali DI Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
 
Thakurli THK Slow Station  
Kalyan K/KYN Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
 
At kalyan the Central line Divides, one goes towards Kasara and other goes towards Khopoli.

All Local trains running before kalyan are slow Local trains.

From Kalyan to Khopoli

Station Station Code Significance
Kalyan KYN/K Fast Station
Vithalwadi VLDI …..
Ulhasnagar ULNR …..
Ambernath A/ABH Local Trains Start from Here.
Badlapur BL/BUD Local Trains Start from Here.
Vangani VGU …..
Shelu SHLU …..
Neral NRL From here a route go towards Matheran.
Bhivpuri Road BVS …..
Karjat S/KJT Local Trains Start from Here.
Palasdari PDI …..
Kelavli KLY …..
Dolavli DLV …..
Lowjee LWJ …..
Khopoli KP/KHPL Local Trains Start from Here.
Khopoli is one of the termini of central line.

From Kalyan To Kasara.

Station Station Code Significance
Kalyan KYN/K Fast Station
Shahad SHAD …..
Ambivli ABY …..
Titwala TL/TWL Local Trains Start from Here.
Khadavli KDV …..
Vasind VSD …..
Asangaon AN/ASO Local Trains Start from Here.
Atgaon ATG …..
Thansit THS …..
Khardi KE  
Umbermali OMB …..
Kasara N/KSRA Local Trains Start from Here.
Kasara is one of the termini of central line.

Western line

Churchgate Railway Station, Mumbai suburban Railways. (Western Line).Churchgate Railway Station

In western line trains run from Dahanu Road to Churchgate. It runs parallel to the western coast. The length of the railway track is 123.78 km with 39 Stations. It serves 3.51 millions passengers daily. The western line opened on 12 April 18 67.

Four types of trains run on the western line are Slow, Semi-Fast, Fast and AC Locals. Slow Trains stop at every station. Semi-Fast runs as a slow train upto some station after that it becomes fast local. Fast Local stops only at Churchgate, Mumbai Central, Dadar, Bandra, Andheri, Borivali, Dahisar, Mira road, Bhayander, Naigaon,Vasai road, Nalla Sopara, Virar. (The stations are arranged from Churchgate to Dahanu Road). Trains between Dahanu Road to Virar are all slow trains.

The length of the trains are 12 or 15 coaches. Roughly You can say there is one local train in 3 Minutes after Virar. The western line is operated by the Western Railways Zone, with headquarters at Churchgate. The termini of the western line are Churchgate and Dahanu Road.

Station Station Code Status Significance
Churchgate CCG Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
 
Msrine Lines MEL Slow Station  
Charni Road CYR Slow Station  
Grant Road GTR Slow Station  
Mumbai Central MCL Fast Station
Some Local Trains Start from Here
 
Mahalaxmi MX Slow Station  
Lower Parel PL Slow Station  
Prabhadevi PBHD Slow Station  
Dadar DDR Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Central ine.
Matunga Road MRU Slow Station  
Mahim Junction MM Slow Station
Local Trains Start from Here
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Bandra BA Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Khar Road KHAR Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Santacruz STC Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Vile Parle VLP Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Andheri ADH Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here.
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
From Here
You Can take Mumbai Metro.
Jogeshwari Jos Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Ram Mandir RMAR Slow Station Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Goregaon GMN Slow Station
Local Trains Start from Here
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Malad MDD Slow Station
Some Local Trains Start from Here
 
Kandivali KILE Slow Station  
Borivali BVI Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
 
Dahisar DIC Slow Station
Some Fast trains Stops
 
Mira Road MIRA Fast Station  
Bhayandar BYR Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
 
Naigaon NIG Slow Station  
Vasai Road BSR Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
From Here
You Can take Panvel-Diva-Vasai line trains.
Nallasopara NSP Slow Station  
Virar VR Fast Station
Local Trains Start from Here
(All Local trains running before Virar are slow Local trains)
 
Vaitarna VTN Slow Station  
Saphale SAH Slow Station  
Kelve Road KLV Slow Station  
Palghar PLG Slow Station  
Umroli UOI Slow Station  
Boisar BOR Slow Station
Local Trains Start from Here
 
Vangaon VGN Slow Station  
Dahanu Road DRD Slow Station
Local Trains Start from Here
 
Dahanu Road is one of the termini of western line.

Harbour Line 

Panvel Railway Station, Harbour Line, Mumbai Suburban Railways.Panvel Railway Station

In the harbour line, the train runs from Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Maharaj Terminus(CSTM) to Goregaon or Panvel, via Vadal. The harbour line runs parallel to Western line from Goregaon to Mahim, after that the line crosses the Central line with the above bridge to go to Vadala. From Vadala is the division where one line goes to CSTM and the other goes to Panvel. After meeting with the central line at Kurla, the harbour line goes to Panvel Via Vashi-Nerul. From Vashi to Sanpada and Nerul to Panvel the harbour line runs parallel to the Vashi-thane or Trans harbour line.

The length of the track is 66 km with 32 . The harbour line connects CSMT–Panvel, CSMT–Andheri, Andheri–Panvel, CSMT-Goregaon. Only Slow Locals are offered by the harbour line, with 1 million ridership daily. The harbour line started on 12 December 1910. The line was later extended from Mankhurd to serve most of Navi Mumbai via the Mankhurd–Belapur–Panvel rail corridor in the 1990s. The stations in Navi Mumbai are well maintained and beautifully designed by CIDCO. 

The termini of the harbour line are Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT),Goregaon and Panvel. The harbour line has a separate platform at CSTM. The  harbour line is operated by the central Railways. The harbour line connects the Goregaon, Andheri, Bandra in western line to CSTM in the central line and Panvel in Navi Mumbai.

Station Station Code Significance
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus ST From Here
You Can take central Line trains.
Masjid   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with central ine.
Sandhurst Road   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with central line.
Dockyard Road    
Reay Road    
Cotton Green    
Sewri    
Wadala Road VDLR From Here
You Can take Monorail.
At Wadala Road the Harbour line Divides, one goes towards Panvel and other goes towards Goregaon.

Towards panvel

Station Station Code Status
Wadala Road VDLR From Here
You Can take Monorail.
Guru Tegh
Bahadur Nagar
   
Chunabhatti    
Kurla CH From Here
You Can take central Line trains.
Tilak Nagar TKNG  
Chembur CM  
Govandi    
Mankhurd M  
Vashi VA From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
Sanpada   From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
Juinagar   From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
Nerul NU From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
From Here
You Can take Nerul-Uran Line trains.
Seawoods-Darave SWDV From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains
CBD Belapur BR From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
From Here
You Can take Nerul-Uran Line trains.
Kharghar   From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains
Mansarovar   From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains
Khandeshwar   From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains
Panvel PL From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
From Here
You Can take Panvel-Diva-Vasai Line trains.
From Here
You Can take Roha Line trains.
Panvel is one of the termini harbour line.

Towards Goregaon

Station Station Code Status
Wadala Road VD From Here
You Can take Monorail.
King’s Circle    
Mahim MM Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Bandra B Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Khar Road   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Santacruz   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Vile Parle   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Andheri AD Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
From Here
You Can take Metro Train.
Jogeshwari   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Ram Mandir   Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Goregaon GO Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Goregaon is one of the termini of harbour line.

Trans Harbour Line

Turbhe Railway Station

The Trans  harbour line also known as Thane-Vashi line connects Thane and Navi Mumbai (Vashi and Panvel). The Trans harbour line runs from Thane to Vashi and Panvel. The trans harbour line divides at Turbhe, one goes towards Vashi and other goes towards panvel. The trans harbour line was opened 1993 for goods and on 9 November 2004 for passengers. From Juinagar to Panvel and Vashi to Sanpada, the trans harbour line runs parallel to the harbour line.

The trans harbour line connects Vashi,Panvel and thane. The services provide by trans harbour line are  Thane–Vashi,Thane–Nerul

and Thane–Panvel (via Harbour line). The trans harbour line has 16 stations. The length of the trains are 9 and 12 coaches. The trans harbour line is operated by the central railways. The trans harbour line provides Fast and Slow services.

The first AC local train in central railways is also introduced in the trans harbour line. The Central Railway zone of Indian Railways launched its first AC local train service between Panvel and Thane on 30 January 2020. The first AC local in Mumbai was introduced by Western Railways two years ago.

Station Station Code Significance
Thane TNA From Here
You Can take central Line trains.
(On Platform 1 to 8)
Airoli AIRL  
Rabale RABE  
Ghansoli GNSL  
Kopar
Khairane
KPHN  
Turbhe TUH  
At Turbhe the Trans-Harbour line Divides, one goes towards Vashi and other goes towards Panvel.

Towards Vashi

Station Station Code Significance
Turbhe TUH  
Sanpada SNCR  
Vashi VSH Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Vashi is one of the termini of trans-harbour line.

Towards Panvel

Station Station Code SSignificance
Turbhe TUH  
Juinagar JNJ Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Nerul NEU Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
From Here
You Can take Nerul-Uran Line trains.
Seawoods-Darave SWDV Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
     
CND Belapur BEPR Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
From Here
You Can take Nerul-Uran Line trains.
Kharghar KHAG Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Mansarovar MANR Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Khandeshwar KNDS Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
Panvel PL Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
From Here
You Can take Panvel-Diva-Vasai Line trains.
From Here
You Can take Roha Line trains.
Panvel is one of the termini of trans-harbour line.

Nerul Uran line

The Nerul – Uran line is a newly opened railway line in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra India. The Nerul Uran line runs from Nerul and Belapur to Uran. The length of the track is 27 km with 10 Stations. The Nerul Uran line is operated by the central railways zone. The Nerul Uran line was  inaugurated on 11 November 2018 but daily services started from 12 November 2018. The Stations are well maintained and developed by CIDCO.

From Nerul To Targhar

Station Station Code Significance
Nerul NU From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
Seawoods-Darave SWDV  
Targhar    
Nerul is one of the termini of Nerul-Uran line

From Belapur To Targhar

Station Station Code Significance
Belapur BR From Here
You Can take Thane-Vashi Line trains.
Targhar    
Belapur is one of the termini of Nerul-Uran line

From Targhar to Uran

Station Station Code
Targhar  
Bamandongri  
Kharkopar KR
Gavhan  
Ranjanpada  
Nhava Sheva  
Dronagiri  
Uran City  
Uran City is one of the termini of Nerul-Uran line.

Panvel-Diva-Vasai Line

Panvel-Diva-Vasai Line is also known as the Vasai Road–Roha line, connecting the Vasai Road (In western line) to Panvel (In navi mumbai), via Diva Junction in the Central line. The Panvel-Diva-Vasai line connects the Western line, central line and harbour line. The services on the Panvel-Diva-Vasai line are slow. In this line instead of commuter rail, passenger trains are used.

There are 23 stations with a distance between Vasai and Roha is 143 km. Roha is the last Station before Konkan Railways starts. The Panvel-Diva-Vasai line is operated by the Western as well as central Railways.After Roha the Konkan Railway goes towards Goa.

Station Station Significance
Vasai Road BSR Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Western line.
Juchandra JCNR  
Kaman Road KARD  
Kharbao KHBV  
Bhiwandi Road BIRD  
Kopar KOPR Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Central line.
Diva Junction DIVA Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Central line.
Dativali DTVL  
Nilaje NIIJ  
Taloja TPND  
Navade Road NVRD  
Kalamboli KLMC  
Panvel Junction PNVL Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Harbour line.
From Here
You Can take Roha Line trains.
Have a Exchangeable
Station
with Trans-Harbour line.
Somtane SMNE  
Rasayani RSYI  
Apta APTA  
Jite JITE  
Hamrapur HMRR  
Pen PEN  
Kasu KASU  
Nagothane NGTN  
Nidi NIDI  
Roha Roha  
Roha is one of the termini of Panvel-Diva- Vasai line

The Matheran Hill Railway

The Matheran Hill Railway runs from the Neral to Matheran. The length of the track is 21 km with 5 stations.  The 21 km Railway track is made by cutting a swathe through forest and connecting Neral to Matheran in the Western Ghats. The Matheran Hill Railway (MHR) is operated by the Central Railways Zones.

Station
Neral
Jumapatti
Water Pipe
Aman Lodge
Matheran
Matheran is one of the termini Matheran Hill Railway.

Panvel-Karjat line

The Panvel Karjat line is under construction. The line will connect the Panvel to Karjat directly. Today, if you want to go to karjat from Pnavel then you have to go to thane by the Trans harbour line, at thane you have to change trains and take the train of the central line to reach karjat. The deadline for the completion of the Panvel-Karjat line is 2022. The project got the Centre’s nod in 2016, but the work could not commence owing to hassles in acquiring the 156 hectares needed for the project.  The length of the Panvel-Karjat line will be 56 km.

Problems

Overcrowding:

Being One of the busiest Suburban Railway in the world, the Mumbai Suburban Railways has certain problems. One of the major problems faced by the Mumbai suburban Railways is Overcrowding. During peak hours 4,500 passengers are packed in 12 or 15 cars but the capacity is only 2000 passengers. The Mumbai Suburban Railway suffers from the most severe overcrowding in the world.

Accidents:

Sometimes Overcrowding results in death of the person. Some People sit on the roof to avoid overcrowding which results in the death of a person. A record 17 people died every weekday on the city’s suburban railway network in 2008.Some teenagers perform stunts in the train. They hang out of the train by holding the door while the train is running. Sometimes People tried to Suicide on the track. There are many tourist attractions in Mumbai like India Gate, SNGPL, Marine Drive etc So many tourists come to Mumbai. During weekdays the local train service used by the tourists results in Overcrowding. The Central Railway has issued circulars advising tourists not to travel in the trains from 07:00 to 11:00 and 17:00 to 22:00 during weekdays because of overcrowding.

During heavy rainfall the service becomes slow and sometimes totally stops for some hours. The water accumulates on the track between Kurla to Dadar in the central line. Other lines are not much affected  by the Rainfall.

2 thoughts on “Discovering Mumbai : Mumbai Suburban Railways.

  1. Damn, awesome website. I actually came across this on Bing, and I am happy I did. I will definately be coming back here more often. Wish I could add to the posts here and bring a bit more to the table, but am just absorbing as much info as I can at the moment.

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